14-Benzoyltalatisamine is a potent and selective blocker of the delayed rectifier K+ channel found in a computational virtual screening study.
The compound was found to block the K+ channel from the extracellular side. However, it is unclear whether 14-benzoyltalatisamine shares the
same block mechanism with tetraethylammonium (TEA). In order to elucidate how the hit compound found by the virtual screening interacts with
the outer vestibule of the K+ channel, the effects of 14-benzoyltalatisamine and TEA on the delayed rectifier K+ current of rat dissociated
hippocampal neurons were compared using whole-cell voltage-clamp recording. External application of 14-benzoyltalatisamine and TEA
reversibly inhibited the current with IC50 values of 10.12.2 M and 1.050.21 mM, respectively. 14-Benzoyltalatisamine exerted voltagedependent
inhibition, markedly accelerated the decay of the current, and caused a significant hyperpolarizing shift of the steady-state activation
curve, whereas TEA caused voltage-independent inhibition, without affecting the kinetic parameters of the current. The blockade by 14-
benzoyltalatisamine, but not by TEA, was significantly diminished in a high K+ (60 mM) external solution. The potency of 14-benzoyltalatisamine
was markedly reduced in the presence of 15 mM TEA. The results suggest that 14-benzoyltalatisamine bind to the external pore entry of the
delayed rectifier K+ channel with partial insertion into the selectivity filter, which is in conformity with that predicted by the molecular docking
model in the virtual screening.
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